Ground Rent

To register a ground rent or make changes to an existing registration use the forms below:

 

Mail forms above to:
State Dept. of Assessments and Taxation
Ground Rent Division
301 W. Preston Street, 8th Floor
Baltimore, MD 21201​
To view ground rent registrations on file with the Department:
 
  1. Search the Real Property Database.
  2. At the top of the property display page choose the link Ground Rent Registration
  3. To view the scanned registration document click on the Acknowledgement Number
Ground​ Rent Extinguishment
Certificate of Invalidation​

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If you have questions about the SDAT
Residential Ground Rent Programs call or email:
Telephone: 410-767-1151
Email: sdat.groundrent@maryland.gov​

Payment Demand Notice for Ground Rent in Arrears
Sample Ground Rent Payment Demand Notice & Instructions.​

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Financial Assistance with Redeeming A Ground Lease
A program has been established by the Maryland General Assembly to provide loans to eligible homeowners to redeem ground leases. For more information contact the Department of Housing & Community Development Ground Rent Redemption Loans
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 Ground Rent

Ground Rent Registry

The State Department of Assessments and Taxation (SDAT) neither collects ground rent payment nor manages ground rent leases.  All registered ground rents are managed solely by the owner/agent.  The State Department of Assessments and Taxation has placed on its website a link from its real property system to the Ground Rent Registry in order to provide the statutory on-line database that allows users to determine if a ground lease is registered and if so, get specific information regarding the registered lease. 

 

In order to successfully register a property subject to a lease hold, in part, the name of the Grantee in the referenced deed must match the name of the lease holder identified on the application.  An application cannot be processed without this information and will be rejected.  Please note that SDAT is unable to provide assistance with title searches.

To view information regarding a property that is subject to a ground lease please visit http://sdat.dat.maryland.gov/RealProperty/Pages/default.aspx

The Department's duties and responsibilities respecting the registration of ground rents are ministerial.  In registering a ground rent or refusing to register a ground rent, the Department does not conclude the existence of a ground rent or lot and cannot determine or create an assumption that the information provided by the registrant is complete, current and accurate. SDAT and its employees and agents are immune from any liability resulting from inaccurate, incomplete, or illegible information submitted in a ground rent registration form.  If you require immediate verification of the status of a ground rent, please contact a legal professional for assistance. 

The Ground Rent Registry also provides information showing each property for which a Notice of Application for a Ground Rent Redemption Where the Address of the Landlord is Unknown has been accepted by the Department.  If a ground rent redemption filing exists, the registry will indicate that an Application for Ground Rent Redemption has been filed; whether the redemption amount has been paid and a Ground Rent Redemption Certificate has been issued; and if a payout has been authorized by the Department to the lease holder of record. 

Collection and Notice for Payment of Ground Rent

The owner of a ground lease may not collect a payment of a ground rent unless the ground lease is duly registered with SDAT and the statutory “Notice Required by Maryland Law Regarding Your Ground Rent” has been mailed to the residential property owner at least sixty (60) days before a payment is due.
Sample Notice

Redeem a Ground Rent

Most ground rents are redeemed as a private transaction between the ground rent holder and the ground rent tenant. An attorney or title company should be consulted to assist with this matter. If you choose to redeem the property and to create a ground rent redemption deed without the benefit of an attorney, see the blank deed forms below.

Blank redemption deed and instructions 
Blank redemption deed and instructions (This form can be filled in on a computer)

If the owner of a single family residential property who is the tenant under a ground lease on the property has had no communication from the ground rent holder for three years or more, the ground lease tenant may use the procedure prescribed by law to redeem the ground lease by applying to SDAT. This process will take at least 120 days to complete and begins once the Notice of Intent to Redeem is posted.

  1. Determine if a ground rent redemption filing has been made for a specific property.
    The link above will take you to the online Real Property database where you can view the property record and any filings for the property under the ground rent links at the top of the display page.

  2. Post the Notice of Application For A Ground Rent Redemption, where the address of the landlord is unknown. This Notice must be posted in a window or other conspicuous place on the property for thirty (30) days.
    1. Complete an Application For Residential Ground Rent Redemption

  3. Visit SDAT at 301 W. Preston St., Room 801, Baltimore, MD 21201 and bring
    • the Notice of Application For A Ground Rent Redemption Where The Address of the Landlord Is Unknown
    • Application For Residential Ground Rent Redemption
    • a copy of the homeowner’s deed to the property
    • and a check for the processing fee in the amount of seventy dollars ($70)
    • If ground rent payments have been made in the past three years, provide a copy of the cancelled check for each transaction.

  4. After ninety (90) days, return to SDAT with a certified check for the total redemption amount and the Affidavit of Certificate of Redemption to receive the Certificate of Redemption. SDAT does not provide notice of the expiration of the 90-day waiting period. After receipt, the certificate must be filed in the land records of the local jurisdiction. SDAT does not record this document.
    *Because the ground rent staff is not always available to take walk-ins, please contact the ground rent office at 410-767-1151 to schedule an appointment before your visits. Mail-in applications cannot be accepted without prior authorization.

  5. View a listing of properties on which redemption fillings have been made as of
    October 15, 2017:
Anne Arundel County Harford County
Baltimore City Prince George's County
Baltimore County Washington County
Cecil County Worcester County
Dorchester County  

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